4 Défis Grèce est confrontée et un concours

La semaine à venir est un important pour Grèce, le pays de la zone euro où la crise de la dette est née. Le Premier ministre Antonis Samaras va à Berlin pour rencontrer pour la première fois avec la chancelière allemande Angela Merkel, pour discuter d'une extension des délais dans lesquels la Grèce est de respecter les termes de son accord de sauvetage. Bien que Merkel est dit être leAning vers l'apaisement des conditions de sauvetage de la Grèce, cela pourrait comporter des risques politiques importants pour elle comme au moins deux députés allemands se opposent à une telle.

La semaine dernière,, de nouvelles données ont montré que L'économie de la Grèce rétréci à son 2005 niveau au deuxième trimestre, le pire dans les huit dernières années; son produit intérieur brut se est contracté 6.2 pour cent au dernier trimestre. Le chômage ne cesse d'augmenter et est maintenant à 23.1 pour cent; il est 54.9 pour cent pour les personnes âgées 15 - 24 ans. La Grèce est dans sa cinquième année de récession.

A quelques signes des défis auxquels fait face la Grèce:

1) Le gouvernement grec a imposé une officieuse moratoire sur les dépenses, dit le journal Ekatherimini. Alors que les dépenses du gouvernement pour cette année a été budgétisé à 108.5 milliards d'euros, seulement 40.9 milliards avaient été dépensés à la fin de Juillet.

2) La Grèce doit montrer qu'elle peut couper, il, sauver 11.5 milliards d'euros sur les deux prochaines années pour recevoir une prochaine tranche de fonds de sauvetage désespérément besoin de la «troïka» du Fonds monétaire international (FMI), la Banque centrale européenne (BCE) et la Commission européenne. Bien que, au moins 4 milliard d'euros doivent être utilisés pour payer les dettes du pays.

Plus de mesures d'austérité - salaires et des pensions coupes, impôts plus élevés - semblent inévitables et, selon le quotidien To Vima, la police se attendent à une recrudescence de la violence, y compris les vols. Alors qu'il y avait autour de 1,000 vols signalés dans 1991, on se attend à avoir plus 7,000 à la fin de cette année.

3. To Vima dit aussi que la police se attendent à une augmentation des attaques racistes. Plus tôt ce mois-ci, une irakienne de 20 ans a été tué à Athènes; la violence contre les immigrés similaire a eu lieu ailleurs en Grèce. Selon les responsables, un «groupe de la milice de droite" se est déclarée derrière les attaques. La police dit qu'il est «extrêmement difficile» pour retrouver les auteurs.

4. Les soldes d'été à des centres commerciaux de la Grèce et les grands magasins, qui avait jusqu'à présent semblait être "le plus résistant à la crise,"Sont affaissement. Ekatherimini dit qu'une chaîne de vêtements, Les spreads Magasins, a rapporté une 25 pour cent baisse des ventes et des plans pour réduire ses magasins dans tout le pays à partir de 115 à 80.

Global, pour les cinq premiers mois de 2012, revenus de vêtements et de chaussures ont diminué 22.3 pour cent d'année en année; ceux dans les grands magasins ont diminué 11.5 pour cent et celles de meubles et d'appareils électroniques ont baissé 18.2 pour cent.

5. Sur une note plus gai, la Tuteur dit que le Grecque Organisation nationale du tourisme (EOT) "Dans une tentative de stimuler son plus grand générateur de revenus - le tourisme - après les émeutes, protestations et les voitures qui brûlent .... a maintenant recours à loin de donner des voyages gratuits dans le pays sur Facebook."

Pour entrer, vous pouvez partager des photos promotion d'une "vision positive de la Grèce" (comme celle illustrant ce post; Je l'ai pris pendant un voyage en Grèce avec les élèves dans 2011) de gagner un voyage de sept nuits à travers le pays.

Je peux vous assurer, La Grèce est un grand pays à visiter.

Voici la La page Facebook de EOT should you be interested in a Greek idyll in case you weren’t able to travel this summer — if the trip is for this year, chances are you’ll still be able to use euros.

Related Care2 Coverage

Eurocrisis: Euro Zone Facing Double-Dip Recession

Eurocrisis: The Holiday, Like the Olympics, Is Over

Eurocrisis: A Not So Happy 5th Anniversary For the Financial Crisis


Tension sur l'aide à la Grèce pourrait perturber les marchés

While the Greek prime minister, Antonis Samaras, will be greeted with military honors when he arrives in Berlin on Friday, his pleas for easier bailout terms could meet with a cool reception, setting up tension that could unsettle the financial markets next week.


Their summer vacations over, European political leaders appear to have resumed the maneuvering that has so often caused market turmoil and frustrated outsiders hoping for a quick solution to the euro zone debt crisis.

M.. Samaras, qui dirige une coalition fragile, is under intense political pressure at home to provide relief from the austerity that has made life tough for many Greeks. Amid continuous political turmoil and depression like economic conditions, Greece has not been able to meet the timetable to get government spending under control or carry out changes intended to improve tax collection and create a better climate for business.

During a week that will take him to Berlin and Paris, M.. Samaras is expected to ask for a two-year extension for Greece to meet its budgetary and reform commitments. He is scheduled to meet with Angela Merkel, le chancelier allemand, le vendredi, and François Hollande, the president of France, samedi.

En plus, Jean-Claude Juncker, the prime minister of Luxembourg and head of the Eurogroup of 17 euro zone finance ministers, will meet Mr. Samaras in Athens on Wednesday.

But top German officials signaled that Greece could face opposition in its bid for concessions. Wolfgang Schäuble, le ministre des Finances allemand, exprimé leur réticence à accorder plus d'aide à la Grèce.

"Il ne est pas responsable de jeter de l'argent dans un puits sans fond,"M.. Schäuble said in Berlin on Saturday, Reuters reported. "Nous ne pouvons pas créer encore un autre nouveau programme."

Volker Kauder, a top official of Ms. Merkel’s Christian Democrat party, echoed his concerns. M.. Kauder told the magazine Der Spiegel that German lawmakers were unwilling to give Greece more time to meet commitments, or to ease the terms.

“Sooner or later,», A déclaré M.. Kauder, the leader of the Christian Democrat delegation in Parliament, the Greeks “must answer the question: should we maybe try a little harder, or should we leave the euro?"

After a brief quiet period in recent weeks as most political leaders went on vacation, the euro zone faces several crucial events that could determine whether the common currency survives.

Cette semaine, there will be meetings of top leaders with the objective of overcoming German reluctance to aid Greece and other debt-ridden countries like Spain. Le lundi, Dimitris Avramopoulos, the Greek foreign minister, will meet his counterpart in Berlin, Guido Westerwelle. M.. Hollande will visit Ms. Merkel in Berlin on Thursday, and is likely to urge her to allow concessions for Greece.

German officials have a history of talking tough before such meetings as a negotiating tactic, and in practice have often been more flexible than their rhetoric implies. Despite regular pronouncements that the euro zone could survive Greece’s exit, political leaders in Berlin and elsewhere are unlikely to want to take such an enormous risk.

La semaine dernière,, Mme. Merkel sounded relatively conciliatory. “European heads of government also feel a duty and have a duty to do everything possible to preserve the common currency,” she said during a visit to Canada.

In contrast to many others in her own party, Mme. Merkel suggested she is open to aggressive bond buying by the European Union rescue fund and the European Central Bank, in order to control borrowing costs for countries like Spain and Italy. If markets demand interest rates that are too high, Spain and Italy might have trouble refinancing their debt and eventually be forced to default.

European stock markets have risen in recent weeks, amid expectations that the central bank and European governments were becoming more willing to attack the debt crisis aggressively.

Financial markets remain focused on how the central bank might actually go about intervening in government bond markets. Mario Draghi, the president of the central bank, said this month that the bank was willing to take action in bond markets but gave little detail about what strategy it would use to try to tame the market. The bank’s governing council will hold its next monetary policy meeting on Sept. 6.

Adding to the tension, Germany’s constitutional court is scheduled to rule Sept. 12 on whether the government acted lawfully when it committed to the European Union rescue fund, connu sous le Mécanisme européen de stabilité. The court is not expected to block Germany’s participation, but could impose conditions that make European decision making more cumbersome than it already is.

Spain’s troubled banking system is another unresolved problem. European leaders have approved 100 milliards d'euros (sur $123 milliard) to rebuild the reserves of Spanish banks. But Spanish leaders have not yet formally requested the money, and it is unclear how the funds will be disbursed. Some economists fear that a string of bank failures could further undermine the European economy, and make it extremely difficult for the common currency to survive.


'Post-Mo lueur' blâmée pour le manque de places sur les routes de vacances

The big package-holiday companies have scant availability for one-week departures from any airport this weekend. As post-Olympic demand surges, bargain trips have vanished: the cheapest departure tomorrow from Gatwick with Thomson, the UK’s biggest tour operator, is a week in Mallorca for almost £900.Kane Pirie, the chief executive of Travel Republic, dit: “Consumers seem to be in a ‘post-Mo glow’. The combination of a strong pound to euro, wet UK summer and punishing APD [Air Passenger Duty] charges on long-haul flights is fuelling a mass exodus to the Med.” His company is offering a week in a hotel in Faro on the Portuguese Algarve, departing tonight from Stansted, for about £600.
Resorts from Portugal to Greece have plenty of beds to spare, but there are insufficient aircraft seats to meet demand over the two remaining weeks of the school holidays. Donna Waddington, an agent in Cheshire for Travel Counsellors, has been selling holidays for 23 ans. “I have never known anything like it,»Dit-elle. “We are getting people away, but only if they are prepared to be flexible with their destination – such as Turkey rather than Spain – and are prepared to trade up.”
The Independent telephoned a dozen agents around the country in search of a last-minute one-week package for two to Spain or Greece, departing this weekend. An agent in Nottingham initially offered a self-catering apartment in Mallorca, but could find only one seat on the inbound flight.
In Crawley, the agent suggested a week in Greece with outbound flights from neighbouring Gatwick – but with the return leg landing in Manchester. “There is nothing left from the North-west,” was the blunt response from a Liverpool travel agent.
Travellers who decide to put their own trips together have access to plenty of beds, from Portugal to Turkey – but fares to the sun are at record highs. Between Gatwick and Malaga, the prime holiday route from the UK, the cheapest non-stop flights departing today for a week were being sold by easyJet for £518 return.
Connecting flights are cheaper, with the best deal on the comparison website Skyscanner involving an outward flight via Copenhagen and, on the return leg, an overnight stay in Trondheim. Routings via Stockholm, Oslo and Frankfurt also offered savings.
British Airways last night had two seats left for the Gatwick-Malaga-Gatwick trip at £759 – more expensive than a BA long-haul return flight on the same dates to Dubai, more than three times the distance.
But the high prices end abruptly once the school term starts. Matt Hall, the deputy managing director of Low Cost Holidays, dit: “For the next seven to 10 jours, it is very tight. If you can leave your departure for a couple of weeks, availability is much better. Prices in the next week are roughly double what they are for September.”